Common Dry Eye Symptoms
Dry eyes come with many irritating symptoms, including:
- Stinging, gritty, scratchy eyes
- Fluctuating vision
- Blurred vision
- Sensitivity to light
- Eye redness
- Difficulty wearing contact lenses
- Burning feeling or a feeling of something in the eye
- Excessive tearing (the eyes’ natural reflex in response to dryness)
Dry Eye Treatments
There is no one-size-fits-all solution to dry eyes. And treatment depends on the cause of this condition, so it’s essential to have your optometrist evaluate your eyes so your treatment will be effective.
At Dr. David Oliphant Optometry, we can provide several treatment options, including:
- Theolosz Duo: preservative-free eye drops designed to reduce eye inflammation
- Blephaclean: eyelid cleaning wipes designed to unblock clogged tear glands
- Blephagel: an eyelid cleansing gel designed to cool and hydrate your eyes while softening clogged glands
- Bruder Mask: an eye mask that delivers gentle warmth to your eyelids
BIHOCL: a topical disinfectant designed to reduce symptoms associated with blepharitis
What Causes Dry Eyes?
Dry eyes are the result of a disruption in the tear film. Your tear film covers the surface of your eye and is responsible for lubricating, nourishing, and protecting your cornea. It also helps focus light so you can see clearly.
Your tear film is made of 3 distinct and essential layers:
- The inner mucus (mucin) layer adheres the tear to the eye.
- The middle watery (aqueous) layer keeps the eye hydrated, repels bacteria, and protects the cornea.
- The outer oily (lipid) layer keeps the surface of the tear smooth and prevents the other layers from evaporating.
If any of these 3 layers are lacking, your tear film becomes compromised, and you can develop dry eyes. A disruption in your tear film can occur for many reasons, but ultimately, dry eyes occur if you stop producing adequate tears or your tears evaporate too quickly.
Decreased Tear Production
If your eyes don’t produce enough of the watery layer of your tear film, you can experience dry eyes. This condition is called aqueous tear deficiency and can be caused by:
- Medical conditions like Sjogren’s syndrome, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis
- Medications with ocular side effects, like antihistamines, hormone replacement therapy, antidepressants, and others
- Long-term contact lens use resulting in corneal nerve sensitivity
- Nerve damage caused by laser eye surgery (usually temporary)
Increased Tear Evaporation
The outer oily layer of your tear film prevents your tears from evaporating too quickly. The oily layer is created in the meibomian glands, tiny glands lining the edges of your eyelids. These glands can become blocked, resulting in a condition called evaporative dry eyes.
Several factors can result in evaporative dry eyes:
Come Visit Us
Our practice is located on the corner of Grand Avenue East and Woodland Avenue. We have a large parking lot off Woodland Avenue with accessible parking and entrance.
- 412 Grand Avenue East
- Chatham, Ontario N7L 1X1
Hours of Operation
- Monday: 8:30 AM – 5:30 PM
- Tuesday: 8:30 AM – 5:30 PM
- Wednesday: 8:30 AM – 5:30 PM
- Thursday: 8:30 AM – 5:30 PM
- Friday: 8:30 AM – 5:30 PM
- Saturday: Closed
- Sunday: Closed